Monday, June 6, 2011

What is that Dot Below Saturn? (A problem with Android and iPad Skymaps)

Google Sky on an Android Phone, the bitmap of Saturn covers gamma Virginis

So my brother rings me up and asks me "What is that dot below Saturn"? He and a mate were entranced by a small bright star below Saturn, but couldn't find it on their Android SkyMap application.

The star is Porrima, gamma Virginis. Having watched Saturn draw closer to this star over the weeks (in the rare break in the clouds) I'm in a pretty good position to identify it. The problem is that Porrima is so close to Saturn that the bitmaps most mobile apps use to represent Saturn overlap the image of Porrima.

This is particularly acute with mobile apps, where screen space is limited, but even on big screen programs its an issue. See the image from Stellarium below. You will have to click on the image to embiggen it, but even then Porrima is a tiny bump the side of Saturn. And the same goes with visualisation in SkyMap (no not Google SkyMap, the original).

Evening sky on Saturday June looking north as seen from Adelaide at 9:00 pm local time in South Australia on June 4 showing Saturn near Spica and very close to Porrima (gamma Virginis). Similar views would have be seen elsewhere at the equivalent local time (click to embiggen).

And it wil get closer. By June 9 Porrima will be only 15', a quarter of a finger-width, from Saturn. That's pretty close, and you will have to zoom in on your planetarium programs to see them separated on screen.

After we identified Porrima (brother was fascinated by its pronunciation. we had an amusing interlude where I tried to direct him to Spica from a distance of 1,800 Km away, not knowing what his sky orientation was. We got there in the end.


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